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wms n,df.k bkakfldg lgg bífnd odmq ldmsß fid,aodÿfjda hkjd' wms ta ojiaj, yß nhhs
Jun 18, 2019 03:15 pm
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wms n,df.k bkakfldg lgg bífnd odmq ldmsß fid,aodÿfjda hkjd' wms ta ojiaj, yß nhhs'' - ùr lemafmáfmd< Èidjf.a ó ñksìßh w;S;h u;la lrhs


tfyu .uklg wefrkag wfma mjq,aj, .Ekq orefjda t<shg .sfha kE''

msg ljqre yß j,õjg wdjyu ta meÿre ìug od,d b|.kak ÿkakd u;lhs'''

wE; w;S;fha isg mdjd§ï ksid wmsg wysñ jQ foa" w;S; isÿùï iy mrïmrdjka ms<sn| f;dr;=re fidhd hdug oeä fjfyila .; hq;=j we;' tlaflda tjka foa iy mrïmrd iudcfhka ie.ù hdu ksidh' ke;skï ie.j isák ksidh' ta ksid b;sydih fidhd hdug oeä fjfyila oeßh hq;=j we;'

j¾I 1818 isxyf,a m<uq ksoyia igfka mqfrda.dñhd jQ W!j fj,a,iai le/,af,a kdhl ùr lemafmáfmd< wÈldrïf.a y;r ^4& jeks mrïmrdfõ jhia.;u mqrel fidhd hdug miq.shod yelshdjla ,eìKs'

ldka;djl jk weh fudKrú, rdcmlaI úl%ufialr wfír;ak úfc–fldaka nKavdrkdhl jdi, uqÈhkafia rd,ydñ,a,df.a f,dl= nKavd lemamsáfmd< fudKrú, lemafmáfmd< l=udßydñ kï jkakSh'


1924 fkdjeïn¾ ui m<uqjeksod ^1& fuf,dj t<sh ÿgq weh fï jkúg wkQ mia ^95& jeks úfhys miqfjhs' ud;f,a yq,x.uqj" lyo j,õfõ bm§ 1947 § újdyhg m;aj l=reKE.," bínd.uqj" ;,af.dvmsáh m%foaYfha jir ye;a;E tll ^71& ld,hla mÈxÑj isákakSh'

fyar;a úchmd, úfc–iqkaor uqÈhdkafia rd,ydñ,a,df.a mqxÑnKavdr ;,af.dvmsáh uy;d iuÛ újdy jQ fudkrú, lemamsáfmd< pkao%dj;S l=udßydñ uy;añh orejka mia ^5& fokl=f.a ujls'

miq.sh wfma%,a udifha § Tjqkaf.a jeäuyÆ mq;Kqjka jQ wd¾'î' ;,af.dvmsáh uy;d yÈis wk;=rlska ñh hdu;a iu. wef.a f;dr;=re wkdjrKh jkakg úh' ;,af.dvmsáh uy;d ùr fudkrú, lemafmáfmd< ks,fu;=udf.a {d;s mokfï cd;sl ixúOdhljrhd f,i lghq;= lrñka isáh § 2019 wfma%,a ui 15 jeks Èk yÈis wk;=rlska ñh .sfhah' Tyq úiska ;u mrïmrdfõ ishÆ f;dr;=re talrdYs lr ,shd ;enqfõh' Tyqf.a úfhdafjka fudKrú, lemafmáfmd< pkao%dj;S l=udßydñ iu. l;d ny lrkakg wms wjia:djla ,nd .;af;uq'

“uu biafldaf,a .sfha" ud;f,a fodvïj, biafldaf,g' ta ldf,a yeáhg uu wfÜ mka;sh olajd bf.k .;a;d' rpkd ,shkak" .Kka yokak" isxy," fyd|g bf.k .;a;d' fyd|g lú" .d:d mdvï l<d' ta jqKdg oeka kï lsis fohla u;l kE' fmd;a m;a;r lshjkak;a nE'

“uf.a mjqf,a ifydaor ifydaoßfhda Tlafldu oyfokhs' uu kjfjkshd' ug whsh,d ;=kafokhs" wlal,d y;rfokhs" u,a,sfhl=hs ysáhd' u,a,s wef,laiekav¾' thd oeka ñh .syska' fcda¾Ê" wd¾Ü lsh,d whsh,d ;=kafofkl=;a ysáhd' ta ;=kafokd;a" ñh .syska'

uykqjrg" fndahj,dkg" wÆ;a.ug" kqf.af.dvg uf.a wlal,d y;rfokd újdy fj,d mÈxÑj ysáfha' thd,;a ñh .syska' ta jqKdg thd,f.a orefjda ta .ïj, bkakjd' oekg Ôj;=ka w;r bkafka uu ú;rhs' wfma wmamÉÑf.a lsß w;a;d ;uhs ùr lemafmáfmd< Èidj' ta uf. uq;a;d' wms mqxÑ ldf,a b|kau uq;a;d ñh .sh Èkh isys lr,d o<od ud,s.djg hkjd' o<od jykafiag odkh mQcd lrkjd'
uu fï jhig .sys,a,;a uf.a orefjda udj uq;a;d ñh.sh ;ekg tlal hkjd' ug u;lhs wms mqxÑ ldf,a .sfha lr;a;j,ska' o<od fmryr n,kak;a wms ta ldf,a lr;a;j,ska .shd' tfyu .uklg wefrkag wfma mjq,aj, .Ekq orefjda t<sfha - my<sfha .sfha kE' j,õjg ljqre yß wdj;a wms we;=<g fj,d ;uhs ysáfh' wuq;a;ka tlal l;d nyg .sfha kE' ta ldf,a wms fi,a,ï l<d' fn,af,d oeïud' fldgq we|, fldÜgx mekakd' w,a,k fi,a,ï l<d' ug u;lhs tl ojila wms fid,aof¾g fj,d n,df.k bkakfldg lgg bífnd odmq ldmsß fid,aodÿfjda hkjd' wms ta ojiaj, yß nhhs' wmamÉÑ fldarf,a uy;a;hd jqKdg" wms ysáfha ta úÈyg' ta ldf,a meÿre úhõjd' ìu b|f.k f.dvla uykais fj,d" rgd od,d" meÿre úhkjd' wfma {d;Ska fkdjk ljqre yß j,õjg wdjyu ta meÿre ìug od,d b|.kak ÿkakd u;lhs'
uf.a wmamÉÑ fudkrú, lemafmáfmd< fldarf,a uy;a;hd' uf. wïud uykqjr fodvïj, j,õfõ álsß l=udßydñ' weyef,afmd< wÈldrï uf.a wïudf.a uq;a;d' fï úia;r b;ska Tlafldu okakjd uf.a mq;d' thd ta ldf,a§u ux lshdmq úia;r Tlafldu tlg tl;= lr,d ;snqKd' oeka thd kEfka' weh lSjdh'

y;afldarf<a isg uykqjr olajd meñKs Èhjvk ks,fï ud;f,a fudKrú, mÈxÑj isg 1720 § ñh .sfhah' t;=udf.a mq;d jQfha" lemafmáfmd< fyj;a f.d,ye, Èhjvk ks,fïh' Tyq 1797 § o<od ud,s.dfõ fid,afodr ;Ügqfjka my<g jeà ñh .sfhah' t;=ud újdy ù isáfha fudKrú, l=udßydñ iuÛh' Tjqkag mq;=ka fofokl= iy ÿjla isáhy' tu ÈhKsh weyef,afmd< wÈldrï yd újdy ù miq lf,l rdcHfødaySka f,i uykqjr u.q,a uඬqfõ § >d;kh jQjdh'

uoaÿu nKavdr we;=¿ orejkaf.a uj jQ weyef,afmd< l=udßydñ tu ÈhKshhs' wef.a tla ifydaorfhla jQfha lemafmáfmd< wêldrïh' Tyq 1818 fkdjeïn¾ ui 26 jeksod f., is| bx.%SiSka úiska >d;kh lrkq ,nkafka rdcfødaySka f,i kï lrñkah' t;eka mgka fï mrïmrdj ryis.;j Ôj;a jQy'
“rg" wd.u" cd;sh" fjkqfjka Èú ms§u jeks W;=ï fohla ;j;a weoao@ hkqfjka Woï wkñka >d;lhdg f., md urKhg m;a jQ lemafmáfmd< wÈldrïf.a tlu mq;% r;akh jQ fya f,dl=nKavd lemafmáfmd<h' Tyq" wmf.a l;dkdhsldj jQ fudKrú, pkao%dj;S lemafmáfmd< l=udßydñf.a lsßw;a;dh' tkï wef.a mshdf.a mshdh'

wêrdcHjd§ka úiska foaYfødaySka f,i kï l< lemafmáfmd< mrïmrdfõ wgjeks mrïmrdj olajd fï jkúg j¾Okh ù we;' lemafmáfmd< mrïmrdfõ y;rjeks mrïmrdfõ jhia.;u pß;h f,i fudkrú, lemamsáfmd< pkao%dj;S l=udßydñ buy;a meiiqug ,laj we;' weh ;ju;a b;du;a ksfrda.Sj l=reKE., bínd.uqj ;,af.dvmsáh m%foaYfha Ôj;a fjkafk" ;u mrïmrdj ms<sn|j we;s oeä wdvïnrhlsks'

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